ABC News reported this week that special counsel Robert Mueller’s team has now told the Justice Department to turn over any emails and other documents related to, among other things, the May 9 firing of James Comey as FBI director.
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The move is a strong signal that Mueller’s team is actively investigating whether President Trump tried to obstruct a federal criminal probe over Russia’s attempts to influence last year’s presidential election.
But what exactly is known about the controversial move to ax Comey, and what could it mean for what Mueller’s team is still hoping to uncover? Shifting narratives and conflicting messages about possible intentions and directives before the May firing took place have helped make it all quite murky.
Here is a breakdown of the known facts, and the unanswered questions, about the whole matter.
What the White House said publicly
The White House released a statement after the firing, pointing to recommendations from Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and Attorney General Jeff Sessions as key motivating factors.
“President Trump acted based on the clear recommendations of both Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and Attorney General Jeff Sessions,” the White House statement read.
Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call via AP, FILE Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein arrives in the Capitol to brief all 100 Senators on the firing of former FBI Director James Comey and the investigation into Russia’s interference in the 2016 campaign, May 18, 2017.
Rosenstein wrote a memorandum, dated May 9, to Sessions, criticizing Comey’s handling of the Clinton email investigation, as well as Comey’s July 5, 2016, news conference on the FBI’s ultimate findings in that probe.
“I cannot defend the director’s handling of the conclusion of the investigation of Secretary Clinton’s emails, and I do not understand his refusal to accept the nearly universal judgment that he was mistaken,” Rosenstein wrote.
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The White House released its statement, a letter that Trump wrote to Comey, including the president’s claim that Comey told him he was not under investigation in relation to the Russia probe, as well as the memos from both Rosenstein and Sessions urging the president to fire Mueller.
“While I greatly appreciate you informing me, on three separate occasions, that I am not under investigation, I nevertheless concur with the judgment of the Department of Justice that you are not able to effectively lead the Bureau,” Trump wrote in his letter to Comey.
“It is essential that we find new leadership for the FBI that restores public trust and confidence in its vital law enforcement mission.”
When the official word arrived
Shortly after 5 p.m. ET May 9, Trump called several members of Congress to inform them of his decision. According to then-press secretary Sean Spicer, Trump reached out to House and Senate leadership. Trump called House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., and left a message for House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif.
He also spoke to Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., and reached out to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., as well as Sens. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, Chuck Grassley of Iowa and Dianne Feinstein of California.
Comey’s termination was read to him over the phone while he was traveling for the bureau in Los Angeles, two FBI sources told ABC News. He was there for a field office inspection and a recruitment event that evening as part of the FBI’s efforts to boost diversity.
A different FBI official told ABC News that Comey first learned of his firing by seeing news reports on TV. Comey was “surprised, really surprised” and was “caught flat-footed,” the official said.
A White House official confirmed to ABC News that Keith Schiller, the president’s longtime bodyguard and then-Oval Office director of operations, hand-delivered Trump’s termination letter to FBI headquarters.
FBI agents and staff were stunned by the news, FBI sources told ABC News.
Motivations for the memo
In the days immediately after Comey’s firing, different White House officials, including Spicer and then-deputy press secretary Sarah Sanders, denied that Trump had influenced or directed Rosenstein to write the memo that suggested Comey be fired.
Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg via Getty Images, FILEIn this Jan. 22, 2017 file photo President Donald Trump shakes hands with James Comey, director of the FBI, during a reception in the Blue Room of the White House in Washington, D.C.
That differed from other accounts.
On May 10, Sen. Feinstein said that during his call with her, Trump said “the department’s a mess, I asked Rosenstein and Sessions to look into it,” apparently referring to the FBI.
In a May 18 closed-door briefing with the Senate, Rosenstein reportedly told them that “he knew that Comey was going to be removed prior to him writing his memo,” Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., said, though Rosenstein has not confirmed that publicly.
And in the wake of Comey’s firing, Trump told NBC News, “When I decided to just do it, I said to myself, I said ‘you know, this Russia thing with Trump and Russia is a made-up story.’”
How it relates to the Russia investigation
The nature of the interactions and any alleged directives shared between the White House and the key Department of Justice officials before the Comey dismissal is now a part of special counsel Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election.
ABC News has since learned from a source that Mueller’s team is eager to obtain emails related to the firing of Comey. Mueller’s investigators now seek not only communications between Justice Department officials themselves, but also any communications with White House counterparts, the source said.
During a House hearing in June, Rosenstein refused to say whether he consulted with the White House before Comey’s firing or whether anyone asked him to write his memo, insisting such questions “may well be within the scope of the special counsel’s investigation.”
Rosenstein still maintains final supervision over the Russia investigation being led by Mueller, even though he was interviewed by Mueller’s team as a witness for his own role in Comey’s firing.